A bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices AM Khanwilkar and DY Chandrachud considered the submissions of lawyer Prashant Bhushan that the plea required urgent hearing since the government would deport Rohingyas.
The plea filed by two Rohingya immigrants said they were facing persecution in Myanmar and the decision to send them back was in violation of international conventions.
On August 18, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) had issued notice to the centre over its plan to deport Rohingya immigrants who are scattered across India.
The Rohingyas, who came to India after violence in the Western Rakhine State of Myanmar, have settled in Jammu, Hyderabad, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi-NCR and Rajasthan.
Union Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju said in Parliament on August 9 that according to available data, more than 14,000 Rohingyas, registered with the UNHCR, have been staying in India. He had some 40,000 have been staying in India illegally.
In a communication to all states, the Union Home Ministry said the rise of terrorism in the last few decades has become a serious concern for most nations as illegal migrants are prone to getting recruited by terror groups.